As an animal lover I have happy to see some laws to protect them from abuse. I just hope they don't cary it too far. I have not seen many instances of animal abuse in Panama, but I hear it is prevalent. Here is an article from La Prensa about some old and new laws ragrding animal cruelty. Machine translated so excuse errors.
In November 2009, Edgar Santos machetes killed a dog in Quebrada Onda, in the indigenous region of Duima Nole.
One of his neighbors complained and is now required by the Municipal Court of Remedios. It is, officially recognized by the judiciary, the first prosecuted criminally for the crime of animal abuse.
Santos, 28, was found "guilty rebel" and not go to court. If one day he is convicted, is liable to a fine of 100 to 200 daily fines or community work.
A Pascual Rodriguez, meanwhile, the second municipal judge in Columbus, criminal branch, which passed with 20 months and 12 days in jail for committing the crime against the environment and land use (in the form of anti-wildlife).
Was surprised by Colorado mountain rangers in the area of North Hut, when wearing a collared peccary and agouti are both dead, threatened and endangered species, "a 22-caliber rifle and 19 unexploded ordnance.
Against Rodriguez could be sentenced to 32 months in prison, but as we hosted a short trial and admitted the facts, reduced his sentence.
It was from May 2008, with the entry into force of new Penal Code, which established penalties for "anyone who commits acts of cruelty, causing death or seriously injures an animal used as a pet."
Sanctions are 100 to 200 day fines or community work. However, the government deputy Victor Juliao encourages reforms to the Penal Code to punish with imprisonment those who abuse pets.
Under a draft law presented by Juliao in August 2010, anyone who causes injury to a pet will be punished with imprisonment of one to four months and a fine of $ 100 -1000 dollars. Also, you will forfeit the animal. If due to injury, the animal dies, the penalty is increased to double.
"I know people who keep their pets chained long time, in dismal conditions and lack of food and proper treatment. With this legal instrument is to orient and then punish these men and women who have lost this virtue, the nobility of living in harmony with animals, "said Juliao in its preamble.
As "abuse", the draft considered not provide water or food to the animal, keep it dirty or parasites, not to provide medical treatment or hitting, kicking, dragging or overload.
The proposal also intends to punish with a fine of $ 200 thousand dollars to practice acts of bestiality.
Also prohibits fighting and dog racing or any other animal species into the country and performance of any show that uses circus animals. This is punishable by confiscation of the animals, and a fine of one thousand to 45 thousand dollars. Repeat offenders will be temporarily or permanently close the premises.
The draft, which this week was prohijado Legislative Commission on Population, Environment and Development, also prohibits the sale of animals in public.
Obstacles to experiments
The initiative proposed by the government deputy Victor Juliao also focuses on animal testing, something that until now, not under the Penal Code.
The deputy suggested that the experiments are done when no other alternative procedures to obtain the desired results, and only in cases of control, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
No animal may be used more than once in the experiments and these will be taken care of, fed and cured, before and after practice. For the experiment, the animals have to be sedated, tranquilized or anesthetized.
Euthanasia when the animal shall only be with mutilation, blindness or severe pain.